Module 2 Assignment: Emerging Technologies Tetrad

McLuhan (1975) posited that information and perception serve as the foundation for one’s view about the world.  McLuhan developed the “Laws of the Media” and used the term media to represent the extension of a human being. Consequently, media represented any entity that has the capacity to alter a person’s insight. And, just as genetics is a process that alters the human body to adjust to the changes in their surrounding environment; technologies undergo a metamorphosis to meet the needs of a society. Thornburg (2013e) describes these four laws of media that reflect the stages that emerging technologies simultaneously undergo which are the Extension/Enhancement, Closure/Obsolescence, Retrieval, and Reversal.

Cloud Technology

Cloud technology is an example of an emerging technology that abides by McLuhan’s laws of the media. Cloud technology, also referred to as cloud computing, is a service that is provided to individuals and organizations, to allow seamless access to data, applications, printers, and other resources (Tang, Wan, Cai& Chen, 2016). The following tetrad reflects how the emerging cloud technology performs a new function; renders an older technology obsolete; rekindles an old technology; and, positions itself to be replaced.

Tetrad

tetrad

Enhances

Cloud technology enables virtual access to data processing and data storage via Internet connections and web browsers on mobile devices.  Researchers predict there will be more than 50 billion active mobile devices by 2020 with the trend leaning more towards applications as a service (Ansari, Sedky, Sharma, & Tyagi, 2015). Cloud technology enables users to access their data via any computer, tablet, or smart phone irrespective of where the user is located globally. No longer is the user dependent on the physical limitations of their desktop and laptop computers; nor the numerous iterations of upgrades to the software applications. This new way of storing data is cost effective and supports collaboration in the corporate workplace (Moran, 2015). Not only have organizations moved their data stores to the cloud; but, individuals use Dropbox, Google Drive, Microsoft OneDrive, Facebook, and other popular virtual storage facilities to house their personal data (Moran, 2015). In addition, the cloud has become essential component in virtual collaboration that allows employees to simultaneously contribute and collaborate on projects from distant parts of the globe.

Obsolescence

Cloud technology facilitates the transfer of data. Traditional methodologies for data transfer that have the propensity to become extinct are DVDs, flash drives, external hard drives, and email will no longer be needed as a vehicle to transport data.

Retrieves

During the 20th century, IBM dominated the computer industry with its large-scale mainframe computers which centralized the hardware and software components (Chesbrough, 2006). The mainframe computer was housed in the legendary “computer room”  and the information was accessed via cathode ray tubes (CRTs) that became known as “dumb terminals” because the devices lacked data storage capacity. The cloud is similar in functionality to the mainframe computer. Both use a centralized approach to storing data; and the devices that rely on the cloud for data storage capacity today are similar in functionality to the CRTs that depended on the mainframe for data storage.

Reverses

Cloud technology sets the stage to be replaced by the technology “highly engineered glass” which is highlighted in Corning’s video A Day Made of Glass.  This video depicts Corning’s vision that focuses on processed glass that is touch sensitive. One could say that the glass is equivalent to a computer which retrieves data from a central virtual data source via the touch of a finger. This decentralized computing, uses the glass (tabletop, flat-screen, wall) as a computer; a finger as a mouse (peripheral device); and, the data is translated to information that is used in everyday life. The emergence of new technology in this arena appears to be cyclical and fluctuates between centralized and decentralized computing.

References:

Becker, S., O’Connell, L., & Wuitschik, L. (2016). Professional learning in the Makerspace: Embodiment of the teaching effectiveness framework.

Chesbrough, H. W. (2006). The era of open innovation. Managing innovation and change, 127(3), 34-41.

Flintoff, K., Martin, R., & Barker, A. (2016). Pedagogy in creative disciplines.

Johnson, L., Adams Becker, S., Estrada, V., and Freeman, A. (2015). NMC Horizon Report: 2015 Higher Education Edition. Austin, Texas: The New Media Consortium.

Kempton, W. L. (2016, June). Having or using a 3D Printer in experiential learning. In Conference Proceedings. The Future of Education (p. 25). libreriauniversitaria. it Edizioni.

Moran, J. (2015). Cloud Storage and Transporting Files. In File Management Made Simple, Windows Edition (pp. 87-101). Apress.

Loertscher, D. V. (2012). Maker spaces and the learning commons. Teacher Librarian, 40(1), 45.

Pegrum, M. (2016). Future directions in mobile learning. In Mobile Learning Design (pp. 413-431). Springer Singapore.

Robbins, P. N., Smith, S. (2016). Robo/graphy: Using practical arts-based robots to transform classrooms into Makerspaces.  Art Education, 69(3), 44-51.

Skiba, D. J. (2015). On the horizon: Implications for nursing education. Nursing education perspectives, 36(4), 263.

The New Media Consortium. (n.d.). NMC Horizon Report 2016 higher education edition | Retrieved from http://www.nmc.org/publication/nmc-horizon-report-2016-higher-education-edition.

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One thought on “Module 2 Assignment: Emerging Technologies Tetrad

  1. Hi Renee

    Thanks for sharing your tetrad and that video on photovoltaic glass.

    I am not sure though what powers the glass computing concept. Is the data not stored on some cloud device/service? It seems to me that the glass is just a retrieval tool as opposed to the cloud which is a primarily a storage tool. Am I correct? And how does the world move on from photovoltaic glass? What can obsolete that? It’s just mind blowing. Thanks for sharing it.

    As it relates to extending your tetrad I have chosen to focus on the “rekindle quadrant” you presented.

    CENTRALIZED DATA TECHNOLOGY
    ENHANCES
    • Data management
    • Makes retrieval of data more affordable (e.g. virtualization portals)
    OBSOLETES
    • Flash drive
    • Portable storage devices
    REKINDLES
    • Concept of the Library
    • Home encyclopedia
    • Hard drives (internal and external)
    REVERSES
    • Mobile devices that do not need storage capabilities as they use only mobile web applications powered by cloud server services (“Web Apps Are the Future”, 2014).

    Reference
    Web Apps Are the Future. (2014). SitePoint. Retrieved from https://www.sitepoint.com/long-live-web-app/

    Like

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